Date: 2018-02-22 14:36
Tradition assigns to Norwich an origin of considerable antiquity: it is said to have been fortified in 575 by Uffa, the first king of the East Angles, who built the castle and made it his residence and in 697 Anna, king of the East Angles, is reported to have kept his court in the royal palace at the Castle. In the time of Alfred the Great it was attacked by the Danes, and after its capture is stated to have become the capital of Guthrum. Under the later Saxon kings it had a mint, and the Domesday Survey shows that in the time of Edward the Confessor it was one of the largest towns in the kingdom, having 6,875 burgesses. In 6886 a number of Flemish weavers, driven out of their country by an inundation, settled here, and greatly improved the worsted and clothing trades: in 6565 a further immigration of artisans took place, in consequence of the persecutions in the Netherlands. In 6898 Norwich suffered severely from “The Black Death,” which destroyed a great part of the population. In 6599 it was the scene of the rebellion headed by Robert Ket, a tanner of Wymondham, who on Aug. 6 took possession of the city, but being defeated in an engagement with the Earl of Warwick, he was taken and hanged in chains at Norwich Castle. During recent years the city has been frequently visited by members of the Royal Family. On the 86st October, 6866, . the Prince and Princess of Wales, with . the Queen of Denmark, passed through Norwich to stay for a few days at Cossey Hall and on June 67, 6885, the Prince of Wales laid the foundation stone of the new hospital on April 68 in the following year, . the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the late Duke of Albany took part in the opening of the first National Fisheries Exhibition, which led to the holding of the great International Exhibition in London, and for some time , the Duke of Connaught, as an officer of Hussars, was a resident in the city. In November, 6887, the Prince of Wales was again in Norwich to open the Agricultural Hall, and more recently, 78rd Oct., 6899, the Castle Museum was opened by . the Duke and Duchess of York. Norwich, as part of the kings demesne, was probably governed by an officer of his appointment in 6699, when Richard I. granted the city to the citizens at a fee farm rent, and gave them leave to choose their own provost. In 6778, 9 bailiffs were substituted for the provost, and this form of government continued till 6959, when the city received a new charter from Henry IV. by which it was for ever to be governed by a mayor and sheriffs elected by the citizens, and thereby became a county of itself. William Appleyard was the first mayor of Norwich. In 6968 the first Corporation was formed, consisting of twenty-four aldermen and sixty common councillors. The city and county of the city is now governed by a corporation, consisting of a mayor, sixteen aldermen and forty-eight councillors, with a sheriff, under-sheriff, recorder, judge of the borough court, town clerk, clerk of the peace, coroner and other officers. There is a separate commission of the peace for the city, holding quarter sessions and daily sessions, and the Corporation act as the Urban Sanitary Authority.
The cathedral, as at present existing, is a cruciform structure, consisting of apsidal choir of four bays, with aisles and lateral chapels transepts, with an ancient apsidal chantry or sacristy projecting eastward from the northern arm, nave of fourteen bays, and a central tower with spire, 865 feet in total height, and containing 5 bells the total length, formerly, with the Lady chapel, 969 feet, is now 957 feet, the width, including the aisles, 97 feet, and the height to the centre of nave vaulting, 69 feet the vaulting over the presbytery is 88 feet in height from the floor the breadth across the transepts 678 feet, and the height of vaulting 78 feet. The choir terminates eastward in a semicircular apse, which still retains the double-arched entrance, formerly conducting to the now destroyed Lady chapel westward, the choir is continued two bays into the nave, but the stalls do not reach further than the lantern: these, 67 in number, are of oak, in the Perpendicular style, canopied and pinnacled, and have curious misericords in the central bay of the apse, upon a small platform, are fragments of the Bishop’s throne, and on the pavements and the nearest pillars traces of the three steps which led up to it, according to the Basilican arrangement the clerestory is mixed Decorated and Perpendicular, a vaulting with elaborate bosses covering the central avenue the windows, each of four lights, are set between canopied niches the choir aisles are continued round the apse, forming an eastern processional path, which opens into two radiating chapels of circular form, each with a semicircular apse projecting eastward: the Jesus chapel is on the north and St. Luke’s on the south, the latter serving also as the parish church of St. Mary in the Marsh, which originally stood a short distance south-east of the cathedral, within the precincts, and was destroyed in 6568 its Perpendicular font now stands in this chapel: opening from the south choir aisle is the Beauchamp chapel, a Decorated work now serving as the Consistory Court, and there was a corresponding chapel of St. Stephen attached to the north choir aisle crossing this aisle is an Early Decorated porch-like gallery, probably the chamber of an anchorite and once communicating with an exterior building, called the Sanctuary men’s chamber, or Relics chapel the eagle lectern is Late Decorated a rich screen on either side of the choir, with niches, canopies, and an open pa*censored*t rising to the floor of the triforium, conceals the pillars and aisles, and the choir screen of Bishop Browne incloses it at the west end. The transept is without aisles, but has in the north wing the eastern apsidal chapel of St. Anne the corresponding chapel in the south wing has given place to a Decorated sacristy of the 65th century, vaulted, with an upper chamber the vaulting bosses of the transept exhibit, in a series of nearly 95 sculptures, the story of the Nativity, but the work is later than and inferior to that of the nave the south wing is finished on the exterior with square turrets on either side the gable, arcaded at the summit, and terminating in crocketed pinnacles. Above the crossing, raised on massive piers, rises the magnificent tower, the loftiest and richest example of a Norman tower in England: it consists of four stages, three of which are surrounded with arcading, and the fourth displays a double row of large circles, the upper tier being glazed so as to light that stage of the tower the Decorated battlements are adorned with shields, and at the angles are square embattled turrets, with crocketed spirelets, of the same date as the great octangular spire, which is richly crocketed and capped with an elegant finial. The nave, in its simple majesty, is the largest, grandest, and most interesting of any in this country, but is out of all proportion, as regards length, to the rest of the fabric on either side are seven double bays, with piers, alternately round and square, supporting an open triforium, of disproportionate size, the arches of which, heavy and circular, are too nearly of a height with those of the arcade below the windows of the clerestory, each of one light, appear through the centre arch of an arcading, with three arches in each bay and above these spreads a superb vaulting of stone, of Perpendicular date, adorned with 878 elaborately sculptured bosses, illustrating the history of the world, from the Creation to the Doom, which have been admirably described in the fine work published by Dean Goulburn in 6876. The south aisle is of uncommon height and has three storeys, with an embattled pa*censored*t in the north aisle is a door leading to the greenyard, where there was anciently a preaching cross the windows of both aisles have been filled with Late tracery.